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What is the 50-30-20 Rule for Saving, Investing & Spending?
Money Motivation Saving Money

What is the 50-30-20 Rule of Budgeting for Saving, Investing & Spending?

The 50-30-20 rule can do the incredible- build a strategic budget that allows meeting financial goals with ease. The simple and intuitive rule can help manage money effectively and wisely.

The 50-30-20 rule designates a certain percentage of the in-hand income into three parts which helps in structuring the finance and creating a blueprint spending plan.

This type of budgeting divides the post-tax income and structures the budget in a way that meeting the financial goals becomes easy without making many compromises.

>> Click here to watch the video explaining the 50/30/20 Rule Of Budgeting!

>> Click here to get your own 50/30/20 Budget Template!

What is the 50/30/20 budget rule?

50% for Needs

This category purely defines expenses that one cannot do without. These include the must-haves that are necessary for survival. These needs only include expenses that help in sustaining a basic standard of living. 

This includes nothing that caters to luxury. For instance- grocery shopping, health insurance, rent, energy bills, water expenses, children’s education, house EMI, insurance and minimum debt repayment. Spending an amount that covers more than these basics falls more towards a lifestyle. 

According to the 50-30-20 rule, any individual can spend about 50% of their income on the above mentioned possibilities.  The ‘needs’ category includes nothing extra that one can live a minimal lifestyle without.

20% for Savings

Here’s a bucket list that deserves utmost importance. Wants and needs most certainly look after our present, but savings is what will keep us safe & secure in the future. This category will look after our future self and be a savior to any kind of emergency in life. 

Therefore, it is the most crucial component of the 50-30-20 rule. This category of funds can be used for loan repayment, children’s education, buying a house, taking care of hospital bills or any crisis.

All the money saved in this category will be helpful in case of any unforeseen circumstances. Therefore, one must always aim at increasing the savings amount. 

Some of the ways of pooling money in this space is by investing in gold, ETFS, small cap, long cap funds, mutual funds, stocks, tax saving funds, real-estate or any other savings that can be diluted in the future. Hiring an Investment company will definitely help you manage your assets. 

Amidst any uncertainties, this will be a safety you can bank on.

30% for Wants

As the name suggests, wants are not something that’s essential but what you aspire for. The category includes all upgraded decisions that help in elevating your lifestyle. This category includes everything that an individual can choose to or not to spend on. 

So, most definitely this bucket list is optional. For instance- gym membership, restaurant bills, shopping, holidays, movie tickets, grooming splurges or anything else that brings pleasure.

The 50-30-20 rule suggests spending about 30% on wants but choosing wisely. Human wants are most definitely endless and therefore it is important to regulate and pick wisely. If the list of your wants exceed 30% of your income, you know you have to downsize it. It is a great way to watch over your expenses and have control over them.

What is the 50-30-20 Rule for Saving, Investing & Spending? wants

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How to apply the 50-30-20 rule of budgeting?

Now that you have understood the 50-30-20 rule, here’s telling you how you can swiftly apply it.

Calculate your income after tax deduction

Before you can create a budget, you need to know how much money you have coming in each month. Start by calculating your net income, which is your income after taxes and other deductions. This is the amount of money you actually have available to spend each month.

Track your monthly expenses

To create an effective budget, you need to know where your money is going. Keep track of all your expenses for a month, including fixed expenses like rent and utilities, as well as variable expenses like groceries and entertainment. Use this information to create a detailed list of your monthly expenses.

Identify your wants

Once you have a list of your monthly expenses, identify which expenses are necessary (e.g. rent, food, utilities) and which are discretionary (e.g. dining out, shopping, entertainment). This will help you prioritize your spending and make sure you’re not overspending on things you don’t really need.

Evaluate the amount that can be spaced out in every category

The 50/30/20 rule suggests allocating 50% of your income to needs, 30% to wants, and 20% to savings and debt repayment. Take a look at your expenses and determine how much you need to allocate to each category. If your expenses exceed your income, you may need to adjust your spending or find ways to increase your income.

Make adjustments if required

Creating a budget is an ongoing process. As your income and expenses change over time, you may need to adjust your budget accordingly. Be flexible and willing to make changes as needed to ensure you’re staying on track with your financial goals. Remember, the goal of budgeting is not to restrict your spending, but to help you make the most of your money and achieve your financial goals.

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Benefits of applying the 50-30-20 rule of budgeting?

The 50-30-20 rule of budgeting saves time & energy

By setting a budget using the 50/30/20 rule, you can quickly and easily categorize your income and expenses, making it easier to see where your money is going and how much you have left to spend. This can save you time and energy in the long run, as you won’t have to constantly track your spending or worry about overspending.

Categorize and be clear about what needs to be done

The 50/30/20 rule helps you categorize your expenses into needs, wants, and savings/debt repayment. This makes it clear what your financial priorities are and helps you stay focused on your goals. By categorizing your expenses, you can also identify areas where you may be overspending and make adjustments accordingly.

Organize the finances as per your requirements and availability of funds

The 50/30/20 rule is a customizable and flexible budgeting option. You can adjust the percentages to suit your individual financial situation and goals. For example, if you have a lot of debt, you may want to allocate more than 20% of your income to debt repayment. Similarly, if you have a high income, you may be able to allocate more than 30% of your income to wants.

The 50-30-20 rule of budgeting will give you a better understanding of what you can afford

By setting a budget using the 50/30/20 rule, you will have a better understanding of what you can afford and where you need to cut back. This can help you avoid overspending and living beyond your means, which can lead to financial stress and debt.

The 50-30-20 rule of budgeting strikes the right cord of balance between income, expenses, lifestyle and necessities

The 50/30/20 rule helps you strike a balance between your income, expenses, lifestyle, and necessities. By allocating 50% of your income to needs, 30% to wants, and 20% to savings/debt repayment, you can ensure that you’re covering your basic expenses, enjoying your life, and saving for the future. This balance can help you achieve financial stability and peace of mind.

Why the 50-30-20 rule is a great starting point for managing your finances

If you’re looking for a simple and effective way to manage your finances, the 50-30-20 rule is a great starting point.

By allocating 50% of your income to needs, 30% to wants, and 20% to savings, you can create a budget that covers your basic expenses, allows you to enjoy your life, and helps you save for the future.

Once you’ve mastered the 50-30-20 rule, you can begin to adjust the ratios to better suit your individual financial situation and goals.

For example, if you have a lot of debt, you may want to allocate more than 20% to savings and debt repayment. On the other hand, if you have a comfortable emergency fund and no debt, you may be able to allocate more than 30% to wants.

Regardless of your personal ratios, it’s important to always allocate at least 20% of your income to savings.

This can help you build an emergency fund, save for big-ticket items like a down payment on a house or a new car, or invest for your long-term financial future.

By adopting the 50-30-20 rule early on, you can establish good financial habits and manage your money more effectively. With a clear understanding of your income and expenses, you can make informed decisions about how to spend your money and achieve your financial goals.

So why wait? Start using the 50-30-20 rule today and take control of your finances!

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